A players 'score' is
based on the system whereby a win is one point, a draw is 1/2 point
and a loss is 0 points. If, at the end of a tournament, 2 or more
players have the same score, they are tied.
We can't split (break)
a trophy as we can a cash prize, but we can 'break' the ties by using
'tie-breaks'. All tie breaks endeavor to gauge the strength of a
particular player's competition at that tournament. There is more
than one because frequently one tie-break method alone will not break
the tie. Sometimes, it is sometimes necessary to use more methods
to produce a decision, which is why at many tournaments trophies
are given to every player who gets 3 points.